Saturday, 14 April 2018

Psycho-Bio-Social Factors of Depression

Psycho-Bio-Social Factors of Depression
Paper 1 Unit 4 and Paper 4 Unit 5

Msc Counseling and Spiritual Health: Paper 1 Unit 4

1) Stress: Human stress is a response due to uncontrollable ideas, protective and preparative thoughts - for no reason unlike animals (Like humanbeings, animals never have thoughts of protecting themselves-anxiety for future). We call it anxiety, neurosis, paranoia or needless hostility. It is caused just by thinking (by imagining).

2) There are 3 types of depression: 1) Everyday depression 2) Major Depression which is persisting for 2 weeks 3) Severe Depression - of loss, thoughts of suicide, losing interest.

Major Depression is loss of pleasure - anhedonia along with great grief and great guilt. It has distorted thinking of terrible, getting worse and hopelessness. It is a disorder of thought rather than an emotion. It also features psychomotor retardation - moving and speaking slowly, eating and sleep also declines.

3) Stress and Depression go together. Those with Major Depression experience more stressors and lack of social support, winding up, socially rejected. First Major Depression have undergone recent and significant stress. Stress emerges as triggers for first few depressions. Later mind clock takes over.

4) Psychodynamic: Psychological cause explained by Freud:

a.       Mourning is a normal depression and it recovers quickly.

b.      Melancholia is major depression.

Every loving relationship is a balance of hatred as well as love. Ambivalence of intense love and intense hatred cause Melancholia. Celebrating (the love) and Grieving (the hatred), the person under depression takes on some irritating traits of the other person to convince the argument and the world. Here the Aggression is turned inward.

5) Biology of depression:

a.       It is from experimental psychology, explains cause as loss of control and of predictability. They are learned to be helpless, is quite generalized. Not due to physiological stress but due to psychological stress of not having control or not able to predict, and give up, never attempt coping response, no motivation. They have cognitive distortion and over generalizing and motor retardation. Less capable of coping even with simple and easily solvable task.

b.      The more someone has an internal locus of control, the less likelihood of depression. There are links among stress, personality and depression. Learned helplessness is a learned behaviour taught all too well previously.

c.       A major depression is an outcome of particularly severe lessons in uncontrollability. Exposed to stressors early in life have a life long increase in CRH (Corticocorpin Releasing Hormone) levels in their brain.

6) Depression is pessimism specific to the effects of one's own skilled actions. Subjected to the uncontrollable stress, we learn to be helpless, we lack the motivation, assume the worst, lack the cognitive clarity to perceive things which are going fine, an aching lack of pleasure.

7) Integration-Conclusion:

Depression is caused by stress caused by:

a. Psychological: 
1. Pathological over exposure to loss of control and outlets for frustration (cognitive distorted belief by over generalization)
2. Freudian: Internalized battle of ambivalence, aggression turned inward.

b. Biological: 
1. Abnormal neurotransmitter levels and their abnormal communication
2. Abnormal hormone ratios
3. General vulnerability.

c. Stress unites psychology and biology theories

d. Link between Stress and Depression: Extremes of psychological stress cause endocrine changes of depression. Genes, act in stressful environment, glucocorticoids is due to stress response. Stress and Glucocorticoids bring neurochemical changes of depression.

e. Major Depression: Stress of extremes of lack of control and outlets cause

1.      Psychological: Cognitive distortive belief of learned helplessness
2.      Emotions: Anhedonia
3.      Behaviour: Psychomotor retardation,
4.      Neurochemical: Disruption of serotinin, norepinephrine and dopamine.
5.      Physiologically: Appetite, sleep, sensitivity to glucocorticoid- feedback regulation.

Why only some of us fall prey to this awful depression?

Because some of us are exposed to lot more stress than others. Like, history of early life stressors makes lot more vulnerable. Stress depletes norepinephrine causing biology of vulnerability. It is the interaction between the ambiguous experiences that life throws at us and the biology of our vulnerabilities and resilience’s that determines which of us fall prey to this awful disease.

M.Sc Counseling and Spiritual Health Paper 4 Unit 5

1. Hypothalamus (also mid brain and hind brain) release hormones and instruct ANS (Autonomic Nervous System) to reduce blood pressure. Limbic system involved in stress response. Above limbic is Cortex which thinks negative in people with chronic depression. Front portion of Cortex is ACC (Anterior Cingulate Cortex) involved in emotions like feelings of pain and fear. By Hypnotic Suggestion, by Counseling, ACC never becomes active. Another part Amygdala is hyperactive on depression being sad. Front of ACC is Frontal Cortex. Left PFC is associated with positive moods and right with negative moods (Choice is yours).

Hormones Glucocorticoids (prepares brain for future-next stressor) present in depression and Catecholamines(epinephrine and norepinephrine appears to deal with present situation-current stressor) in psychiatric disorders like coping activity or stress or anxiety. During trauma Amygdala learns to react in PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder).  Glucocorticoids work differently in Amygdala. If sympathetic system is relaxed, Amygdala never reacts in PTSD - Relaxation can help.

Link between Stress, Anxiety, Mental disorders and Depression: Stress leads to anxiety. Anxiety is of different types like phobia, OCD(Obsessive Compulsive Disorder), GAD(Generalized Anxiety Disorder), PTSD.

Anxiety is disorganized coping with stress. Chronic anxiety leads to depression.

Bio-social Factors: DNA shared by the parents, present environment-people, situations, chronic illness that affects immune system, hormonal imbalance, personality influence depression.

Psychological Factors: Depression happens due to anxiety, phobia, ocd, GAD, PTSD caused by the discrepancy between stressors and its coping responses.


The good news is, if you have will power to remain free from past habits and attachments of mind(past impressions), you can overcome stress and thereby prevent depression.

Msc Counseling and Spiritual Health: Paper 1 Unit 4

Dealing with Depression through RajYoga

1. Not to speak of illness, not to think about the past.

2. Use powers to transform, tolerate, accommodate, become unlimited in awareness.

3. To be free from bondage, desire, sorrow, peacelessness, sanskar and attachment. Find God, have clear aim, not to get influenced by people, not to cry or become distressed, become fearless free from all weaknesses.

4. Remain stable in Avyakt(Relaxed Bodiless) stage and practice it all the time till it become natural.

5. Detach by knowledge, by mind, change your karma-actions, relationship and connections, thinking

6. Practice five forms of self awareness:  I am a Child, I am a Godly student, I am a spiritual pilgrim, I am a warrior (spiritual warrior against my own vices) and I am a Godly helper.

Monday, 2 April 2018

Message For Teachers who teach spirituality and values in education

Translation of the Hindi message received from Education wing Office, signed by BK Bro. Mruthyunjaya, Vice Chairperson of Education Wing and Dr.BK.Pandiamani, Director-Value Education Programmes, Brahma Kumaris, RE&RF

Beloved Divine brothers and sisters,

During this years annual meeting, it was decided that value in education and spirituality will be taught to school children from 1st standard to 12th standard. Based on this, the syllabus had been prepared.

It is requested to the Divine family that if you have any suggestions, you may call 9414153090 / 9560455797 and if you have contents like songs, poem, short stories related to value education and spirituality for school children, for the prepared syllabus, you may please send it BEFORE 31.5.18 to in english typed-editable format.

Most important is, it should be related to the prepared syllabus and the mentioned Class/Grade.

With Divine intervention, hope we receive your cooperation in introducting this course to all schools.

Note: To receive the syllabus contents in pdf format, kindly send a request to email:

The Original Message:

बापदादा के दिलतख्तनशीन, विश्व सेवा में निमित्त दैवी बहनें एवं भाई,

ईश्वरीय मधुर याद-प्यार।

अत्यन्त हर्ष की बात है कि इस वर्ष की वार्षिक मीटिंग 2018 के अंतर्गत शिक्षा प्रभाग की मीटिंग में `मूल्य शिक्षा और अध्यात्म' के पाठ्यक्रमों को स्कूलों में प्रारम्भ करने पर विचार-विमर्श किया गया जिससे विद्यार्थियों का सर्वांगीण विकास हो सके। इसी उद्देश्य को लेकर स्कूल पाठ्यक्रमों (School Syllabus) हेतु एक प्रपोजल - पहली कक्षा से लेकर बारहवीं कक्षा तक बनाया गया है जो इस पत्र के साथ संलग्न हैं।

आप सबसे नम्र निवेदन है कि इस प्रपोजल को पढ़ने के बाद यदि कोई अमूल्य सुझाव देना हो तो हमारे मोबाइल नं. 9414153090 / 9560455797 पर सम्पर्क करें। इसी प्रकार इस पाठ्यक्रम में आपको कुछ सुझाव व अन्य सामग्रियां जैसे- Song, Poem, Short Stories, etc. इत्यादि जोड़ना हो तो हमें अंग्रेजी में टाईप करके हमारे ई-मेल: पर भेजने में सहयोग करें। आपका प्रत्येक सुझाव विद्यार्थियों के अनुकूल होना चाहिए। सुझाव भेजने की अंतिम तिथि 31 मई, 2018 रखा गया है। 

मुझे पूर्ण विश्वास है कि बापदादा की सूक्ष्म इशारों को समझते हुए शिक्षा प्रभाग के इस नवीन  और उच्चतम सेवाकार्य में आप सभी का अवश्य सहयोग मिलेगा।

शुभ आशाओं सहित,

ईश्वरीय सेवा में,
ब्र.कु. मृत्युंजय
कार्यकारी सचिव
ब्रह्माकुमारीज, आबू पर्वत

डॉ. ब्र.कु. पांड्यामणि
निदेशक, मूल्य शिक्षा कार्यक्रम
ब्रह्माकुमारीज, आर.ई.आर.एफ.

Wednesday, 28 March 2018

Opportunity to implement Baba's knowledge in schools

An opportunity for BK students who want to implement Baba's knowledge in schools:

HRD Ministry invites suggestions on rationalizing curriculum for class I to XII

Urgent need to rationalize school curriculum for all round development of students: Shri Prakash Javadekar

A copy of your suggestions and syllabus contents may also be sent to

Friday, 23 February 2018

Free book on Raja Yoga techniques

Divine FREE Offer from 24.2.18 to 28.2.18

Raja yoga , the book explains about the practical tecniques of Raja yoga to attain self realization from avyakt murlis 1969 to 1975. Infact only 1969 and 1970 Avyakt murlis explain about the real techniques of Raja  yoga.

The e softt copy  is FREE to download only for 5 days.

Those who are interested to retain a hard print copy of the above books, to be delivered at their doorstep, may please write to or whatsapp: 0091-8285984476 

Wednesday, 21 February 2018

Shrimat Bhagawad Gita - FREE Divine offer only for 5 days

FREE Divine offer only for 5 days:

The Treasures of Knowledge, the Elevated Versions spoken by Supreme God, the most Beloved Dad spoken through Brahma kumaris Godly Word Spiritual University are available online FREE of cost from 22.02.18 to 26.02.18.

The Education wing Courses: Diploma, P.G.Diploma and M.Sc in Counseling and Spiritual Health are prepared based on the following International U.S.A. published reference Books.

Those who are interested to read them online can download it FREE from kindle version before 26.02.18

1. Raja Yoga, the new book to be released today 21.2.18 : will be available online from 22.2.18

2. Shrimat Bhagawad Gita:

3. Conversation with God


Those who are interested to retain a hard print copy of the above books, to be delivered at their doorstep, may please write to or whatsapp: 0091-8285984476 

Saturday, 17 February 2018

Past Life Regression - is it worth of so much excitement?

1. Past Life Regression is a process of remembering our past of either from childhood or from the previous lives by relaxation.

2. Human beings are mainly of two categories. One who dominantly use visualizing and the other who is dominant in feelings. Those who can visualize have a nice feeling of hypnotherapy - relaxation compared to those who feel. But both can have the insight and understanding for the emotional healing which is the main purpose of regression. 

3. The publicity created by media on past life regression creates lot of excitement among public but the truth is something different.

4. There is no evidence that what you see as past life is really your past life. It can be something what you have seen in television, movie, read in novel, what you have imagined yourself or sometimes it may also be true.

5. The real purpose of past life regression is to remove the emotional blockages irrespective of whether it is true or false. So, that the person can lead a happy life of self awareness free from remembering the past of either good or bad.

6. In Buddhist scripture, the method to remember your past life is to remember each and every incidence of every moment of the day, yesterday, last week, last year till the childhood and to know the past of previous birth.

7. In fact, past life means nothing but the emotions, behaviour and attitude of what you carry now. To know the past, you need not remember your past lives but understanding your present nature will give you an insight of all your past lives.

8. There are scripts provided in your books of p.g. and to regress to the past which are used to desensitize the stress-emotions, to release the childhood traumatic memories, to get rid of anxiety, to do rescript of past memories.

You will learn more when you come for the Internship or Train the Trainer training programs at Mount Abu. Some regression results, you may find here:

Internship for P.G. and M.SC Students of Brahmakumaris Education Wing at Global Hospitals

Dear Students,

Greetings from Mount Abu.

Those who have completed P.G.Diploma and M.Sc in Counseling and Spiritual Health of Education Wing are invited to apply for FREE Internship Training at Department of Spirituality & Wellbeing, Global Hospitals and Research Centre, Mount Abu, Rajasthan.

Those who are interested can send email to with details like

Aadhaar Id:
Date of Arrival:
Date of Leaving:
Local BK Centre location :
Centre In-charge Name and Phone:

The duration will be from 7 days to 10 days.
No.of students allowed per program: Maximum 5

Training Schedule: Meeting In-patients, In-patients Counseling, Practicing the Therapy techniques amongst the students

Accomodation: Have to be arranged by the students at their own cost. Recommended accommodation is: Swaminarayan mandir hotel residence near to the Hospital

Food: Will be provided at Hospitals/Pandav Bhavan/Gyan Sarovar

BK Kalpana
Spiritual Counselor
Department of Spirituality & Wellbeing
Global Hospital & Research Center, Mount Abu